Massachusetts

Massachusetts Statistical Analysis Center

The mission of the Research and Policy Analysis Unit is to use research and evaluation to promote public safety in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts by informing criminal justice and public safety policy.

Below you will find information on Research and Evaluation done by the Massachusetts Statistical Analysis Center.

Current Research Projects
Crime Statistics and Research
Newsletters
Publications

Current Research Projects

Community Policing
The State Funded Community Policing Grant Program enhances public safety through the development of collaborative efforts between law enforcement, other local government agencies, businesses, schools, community/social organizations, and citizens. In FY2005, Community Policing funding for non-earmarked communities was based on the relative need of communities. The Research and Policy Analysis Unit developed a statistical model based on population data, crime data, and prior funding amounts to allocate Community Policing funding across non-earmarked communities. The Research and Policy Analysis Unit also developed a model to allocate a portion of the FY2006 Community Policing grant to 14 designated communities for the purposes of anti-gang related activities.

Deaths in Custody Reporting
The Deaths in Custody Reporting Act of 2000 requires states to report all deaths that occur in the process of arrest, en route to be incarcerated, incarcerated in a jail, state prison, or other correctional facility, to the Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics. The Research and Policy Analysis Unit is responsible for identifying and collecting data on all deaths that occur in the process of arrest by any State or local law enforcement agency within Massachusetts. Data is collected in regards to the victim, event, and circumstances surrounding the death.

2008 Deaths in Custody Data Collection Form

Evaluation
The Research and Policy Analysis Unit is conducting evaluations of selected grant-funded programs to learn from effective or promising programs and encourage replication of those programs around the Commonwealth. Evaluations will help EOPS learn lessons on how programs are implemented, examine actual versus intended implementation of programs, and compare programs to national best practices.

In 2005-2006, EOPS conducted process evaluations with the following Byrne JAG grantees:

♦Essex County District Attorney – “Choose to Refuse” Heroin and OxyContin Prevention Education Program
♦Norfolk County Sheriff’s Office – Reentry Programming Enhancement

Norfolk County Sherrif’s Office – Reentry Programming Enhancement
Implementing a Reentry Program According to Best Practices (March 2007)
EOPS Grantee Profiles -- A Process Evaluation of Reentry Programming Enhancement at the Norfolk County Sheriff's Office (March 2007)

Essex County District Attorney – “Choose to Refuse” Heroin and OxyContin Prevention Education Program
Developing a Heroin and OxyContin Prevention Program: Lessons Learned (April 2006)
A Process Evaluation of the ’Choose to Refuse’ Heroin and OxyContin Prevention Education Program (March 2006)

Grantee Technical Assistance
As part of an effort to help grantees deliver effective programs that benefit the Commonwealth, the Research and Policy Analysis Unit provides technical assistance for the EOPS Byrne JAG sub-grantees. Technical assistance comes in the form of assisting with the development of performance measures that relate to project goals and objectives. Performance measurement, a federal requirement, is an ongoing process of data collection and analysis to help monitor program implementation and make improvements along the way.

Multijurisdictional Task Forces
The Multijurisdictional Counter Crime Task Force Program was created to facilitate collaboration among local, state, and federal law enforcement agencies. Participating agencies coordinate efforts, share resources, and exchange information to identify, arrest, and prosecute persons engaged in gang and drug-related crime.

In an effort to improve the content and quality of data collected from the MJTFs, the Research and Policy Analysis Unit redesigned the Task Force quarterly reports. Information from the revised reports is compiled and analyzed to help understand the statewide picture of MJTF activities. The Research and Policy Analysis Unit is developing a publication that will summarize these findings.

In order to help improve the effectiveness of the grant program, the Research and Policy Analysis Unit used data on drug arrests and drug treatment admissions to develop a ranking system for Massachusetts communities participating in drug task forces. This analysis will be used to aid future grant making decisions by determining which Massachusetts communities have the greatest need for funding.

FFY2005-2006 Summary of Multijurisdictional Drug Task Force Activities (September 2007)
FFY2005 Summary of Multijurisdictional Drug Task Force Activities (October 2006)

For more information about the Multijurisdictional Counter Crime Task Force, click here.

Provider Sexual Crime Report
The Provider Sexual Crime Report (PSCR) is a data collection instrument that was created to help understand the volume and characteristics of rape and sexual assault in Massachusetts. Medical providers in Massachusetts are required by law to fill out a PSCR for every sexual assault and rape where the victim sought medical treatment. The PSCR provides detailed data on sexual crimes that commonly go unreported to police and as a result are not recorded or tracked in official statistics. The Research and Policy Analysis Unit analyzes PSCR data to construct a detailed picture of sexual assaults and rapes in Massachusetts where the victim sought medical treatment. Click here for a summary of the analyses. A full report on PSCR data is expected in the upcoming weeks.

Differences between Sexual Assaults Perpetrated in Small, Medium, & Large Massachusetts Cities: Using Medical Provider Data to Describe and Compare the Nature and Context of Sexual Crime Perpetrated in Small, Medium and Large Cities (November 2008)
Differences between Stranger & Known Assailant Sexual Assaults: Using Medical Provider Data to Describe and Compare the Nature and Context of Sexual Crime Perpetrated by Strangers & Known Assailants (October 2008)
Understanding Sexual Victimization: Using Medical Provider Data to Describe the Nature and Context of Sexual Crime in Massachusetts, 2001-2006 (April 2008)
Youth Victims of Sexual Assault: Using Medical Provider Data to Describe the Nature and Context of Sexual Crime Perpetrated on Youth Victims, 2000-2006 (April 2008)
Understanding Sexual Victimization: Using Medical Provider Data to Describe the Nature and Context of Sexual Crime in Massachusetts (December 2006)
Understanding Sexual Victimization: Using Medical Provider Data to Describe the Nature and Context of Sexual Crime in Massachusetts Presentation

Public Safety Forums
On November 7, 2005, the Executive Office of Public Safety hosted a public safety forum titled, "Considering Electronic Weapons." Listed directly below are the PowerPoint slides from each speaker that presented at the forum. Also, further down the page are the documents made available prior to the forum.

Pre-Forum Documentation
Forum Invitation Sheet

Less Lethal Force: Proposed Standards for Massachusetts Law Enforcement Agencies
A report by the ACLU

Electro-Muscular Disruption Technology: Nine Step Strategy for Effective Deployment
A report by the International Association of Chiefs of Police

Investigation of the Victoria Snelgrove death in October 2004
A report by the Stern Commission

Conducted Energy Device (CED) Policy and Training Guidelines
A report by the Policy Executive Research Forum (PERF)

PERF-CED Glossary

Forum Presentations
Exploring Less-Lethal Force: Critical Issues in Considering Introducing Electronic Weapons
A policy brief by Ashley Van Ness and Sarah Lawrence of the Massachusetts Executive Office of Public Safety

A National Perspective
Presented by Steven Edwards, Bureau of Justice Assistance, US Department of Justice

Developing a Leadership Team
Presented by John Firman, International Association of Chiefs of Police

The Efficacy and Safety of Tasers
Presented by Jay Kehoe, Taser International Inc.

A Discussion on Community Outreach and Data Research
Presented by Chief Gil Kerlikowske, Seattle Police Department, WA

An Overview of Massachusetts Legislation and Model Training Protocols
Presented by Anne Marie Ferreira, Executive Office of Public Safety

Racial Profiling Data Collection
In order to address the issue of racial profiling, the Massachusetts legislature passed Chapter 228 of the Acts of 2000, titled “An Act Providing for the Collection of Data Relative to Traffic Stops” which is commonly known as the Racial and Gender Profiling Law. The goal of the law was to initiate statewide collection of traffic stop data with the purpose of identifying and eliminating racial profiling in Massachusetts.

In order to ensure that the process is carried out with a strong research base, the Research and Policy Analysis Unit has acted as the main support staff for the racial profiling data collection initiative and has assisted with developing a national model data collection protocol, planning data collection task force meetings, and conducting relevant background research. Additionally, the Research and Policy team is compiling a best practices bulletin to be submitted to the Bureau of Justice Assistance for publication. For more information about the Racial Profiling Data Collection Initiative, click here.

Sex Offender Management
The Executive Office of Public Safety was awarded a grant from the U.S. Department of Justice under the Comprehensive Approaches to Sex Offender Management program. This two-year grant provides support for a planning process to develop effective sex offender management programs and policies. The first year of the grant involves conducting a comprehensive assessment of Massachusetts’ current sex offender management policies and practices. Assessment activities will include: developing an offender population profile; creating a flowchart of how sex offenders move through the criminal justice system; conducting a resource assessment; and answering over 1,000 questions on how Massachusetts is managing sex offenders. This assessment covers the areas of: 1) investigation, prosecution, and disposition; 2) assessment and treatment; 3) reentry; 4) supervision; and, 5) registration and community notification. The second year of this grant will involve identifying strengths and gaps in the system and implementing changes at three selected pilot sites.

The project is run by a collaborative team with project partners from over 20 different government agencies and private organizations across the criminal justice, human services, victim advocate, and offender treatment fields. The Research and Policy Analysis Unit is managing the project and is responsible for planning and facilitating project meetings, coordinating assessment activities, and monitoring implementation at the pilot sites. For more information on the Federal Grant Program, click here.

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Crime Statistics and Research

Crime Reports
1960-2007 Crime in Massachusetts Report
1960-2007 Crime In Massachusetts Data
2005-2006 Crime in Massachusetts Report
2005 Massachusetts Hate Crimes Report (December 2006)
2004-2005 Crime in Massachusetts Report (November 2006)
2003-2004 Crime in Massachusetts Preliminary Report
2002-2003 Crime in Massachusetts Preliminary Report

Note : The NIBRS data set contains a wealth of information about crime: information about the offenses, victims, offenders, persons arrested, property loss. Due to the variety of data collected, it is much more difficult to analyze and interpret than the older summary UCR system data.

For this reason, few published reports have come out of federal, state, or academic establishments based on the NIBRS data set. What we are presenting here are the first steps in publishing NIBRS data as collected and processed by the Crime Reporting Unit of the Massachusetts State Police. These reports should be viewed carefully and cautiously. Although we will make every effort to put out reports that are clear and unambigous, the user should contact us if there are any questions about interpretation of the data contained herein.

In the above reports, all data received and processed by us which occurred in the specified year will be reported. There were approximately 134 police agencies reporting NIBRS data during this time period. Not all departments reported complete (12 months) data during this time, although the majority of them did.

Care must be used in examining these reports. One very important issue to consider when looking at the data is the "unit of count." For example, one measure of the unit of count is the number of incidents reporting during a month. Another measure of the same data is the number of victims within those incidents. Yet a third measure of the crime data is the number of offenses within those incidents. In each case, the total numbers may be different.

As a specific example, department "A" reported one incident in January, 2003. In that incident there were two victims: a male and a female. Both victims were robbed; the female was kidnapped and raped. In this example, there was one incident, two victims, and three offenses.

Crime Reporting Forms
For Massachusetts Police Departments

Hate Crime Reporting Form
Supplementary Homicide Report Form
NIBRS Extensions and Modifications List

State Police Crime Reporting Unit
The Crime Reporting Unit (CRU) is the contact point between state, local, and campus police departments and the FBI. It is charged with the responsibility of collecting, maintaining, analyzing, and reporting crime data for the Commonwealth. CRU is a part of the Criminal Information Section of the Massachusetts State Police Division of Investigative Services. CRU puts out a variety of routine reports throughout the year: preliminary crime statistics, police employment data, homicide reports, hate crime information. In addition, the Unit has done topical or special reports, on issue like long-time crime trends, and homicide by age, race, and sex in Boston. The Crime Reporting Unit consists of Daniel Bibel, Sheri Cardoza, and Linda Kast.

Crime data is reported in three broad categories:

1. Most police agencies submit crime data in the form of the summary UCR system, which collects data only on a small number of crime (the "Index" offenses of murder, rape, robbery, assault, burglary, larceny, and motor vehicle theft).

♦This summary data is also collected on the number of persons arrested for a variety of crimes.
♦Data in this form is available for most agencies for the period 1980 -1998.

2. Approximately one half of the full-time police agencies in the Commonwealth submit their crime data in the form of the FBI new "National Incident Based Reporting System", or "NIBRS." The NIBRS data set is much more comprehensive than the older UCR system. NIBRS data has been collected since the mid 1990's.

♦Massachusetts was one of the first states to adopt NIBRS as a new standard for police crime reporting
♦The CRU was certified by the FBI as meeting their quality standards in 1995, the ninth state in the nation to be so honored.

3. Hate crime data is submitted on a separate form by police who do not use the NIBRS system. CRU has been collecting Hate Crime data since 1990.

National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS)
What is NIBRS?
NIBRS Record Types
NIBRS Offenses
MGL-NIBRS Lookup Table
NIBRS Extensions & Modifications List
Agencies Contributing Data for NIBRS
FBI State Program Bulletins

National Criminal History Improvement Program (NCHIP)
The National Criminal History Improvement Program (NCHIP), administered by the U.S. Department of Justice's Bureau of Justice Statistics, is an umbrella program designed to assist States in meeting evolving Federal and State requirements concerning criminal history and related records such as protective orders and sexual offender registry records. The goal of the NCHIP program is to ensure that accurate records are available for use in law enforcement, including sex offender registry requirements, and to permit States to identify ineligible firearm purchasers, persons ineligible to hold positions involving children, the elderly, or the disabled, and persons subject to protective orders or wanted, arrested, or convicted of stalking and/or domestic violence.

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts has received over $12 million from Federal Fiscal Year 1995 through 2004 funding under NCHIP. The majority of funding was allocated to state criminal justice agencies to support statewide criminal history records improvement projects. For more information, please contact Lynn Wright, Deputy Director of Law Enforcement, (617) 725-3351.

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Newsletters

EOPSS OGR Newsletter
The Executive Office of Public Safety and Security’s (EOPSS) Office of Grants and Research (OGR) serves as the State Administrative Agency for many of the Commonwealth’s federal criminal justice, highway safety, and homeland security funds. The EOPSS OGR newsletter is published monthly for the purpose of sharing current information on events, publications, trainings, and funding opportunities with public safety professionals throughout the Commonwealth. The information in this newsletter is sourced from federal, state, and local agencies as well as other sources and is compiled by the Research and Policy Analysis Division at OGR.

2010
November 2010
October 2010
September 2010
August 2010
July 2010
June 2010
May 2010
April 2010
February 2010
January 2010

2009
December 2009
November 2009
October 2009
September 2009
August 2009
July 2009
June 2009
May 2009
April 2009
March 2009
February 2009
January 2009

2008
December 2008
November 2008
October 2008
September 2008
August 2008
July 2008
June 2008
May 2008
April 2008
March 2008
February 2008
January 2008

2007
December 2007
November 2007
October 2007
September 2007
August 2007
July 2007
June 2007
May 2007
April 2007
March 2007
February 2007
January 2007

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Publications

2010
The Commonwealth of Massachusetts Witness Protection Program: An Overview of Cases During Fiscal Year 2007, 2008 and 2009 (August 2010)
Annual Electronic Weapons Use Analysis: A Summary of Electronic Weapons Use in Massachusetts (July 2010)

2009
Annual Electronic Weapons Use Analysis: A Summary of Electronic Weapons Use in Massachusetts (August 2009)
2009 Massachusetts Safety Belt Usage Observation Study (July 2009)
Property Crime in Massachusetts (July 2009)
Violent Crime in Massachusetts (July 2009)
Analysis of Massachusetts Arrest-Related Deaths: An Overview of Deaths Occurring in the Process of Arrest between 2003 and 2008 (June 2009)
Massachusetts Intimate Partner Homicide Review: An Overview of District Attorney Cases between 2005 and 2007 (June 2009)
The Commonwealth of Massachusetts Witness Protection Program: An Overview of Cases During Fiscal Year 2008 (May 2009)
Analysis of Intimate Partner Homicides in Massachusetts: An Overview of Supplementary Homicide Report Cases between 1986 and 2007 (April 2009)
Shannon Community Safety Initiative Year Two Annual Report (April 2009)

2008
Annual Electronic Weapons Use Analysis: A Summary of Electronic Weapons Use in Massachusetts (May 2008)
Shannon Community Safety Initiative Year One Annual Report (April 2008)

2007
Around the Block: Vol. 3, No. 6 (November 2007)
The Commonwealth of Massachusetts Witness Protection Program: An Overview of Cases i