The Office of Justice Programs considers programs and practices to be evidence-based when their effectiveness has been demonstrated by causal evidence (generally obtained through one or more outcome evaluations). Causal evidence documents a relationship between an activity or intervention (including technology) and its intended outcome, including measuring the direction and size of a change, and the extent to which a change may be attributed to the activity or intervention. Causal evidence depends on the use of scientific methods to rule out, to the extent possible, alternative explanations for the documented change.
The following sections highlight examples of Byrne JAG funded programs at the state, county and tribal levels from around the country. These examples will help state criminal justice administrators explore the types of programs and interventions being supported in neighboring jurisdictions or other locations with similar geographic, demographic, or regional criminogenic risk factors.
The highlighted programs were furnished by State Administering Agencies (SAAs) as examples of Byrne JAG funded criminal justice programming. The examples range from programs that have been through rigorous evaluations to programs that show promise. Regardless of whether evaluated, replicated or new, each program example represents the use of grant funds to meet identified needs within state, city, county and tribal criminal justice systems. Examples are organized using the following program areas:
♦Prosecution and Courts
♦Prevention and Education
♦Corrections and Community Corrections
♦Drug Treatment and Enforcement
♦Planning, Evaluation, and Technology
♦Crime Victim and Witness
♦BJA JAG Showcase Programs
♦NCJA Award Winning Programs